Hello world! This post is all about managing your dotfiles like a boss.
I’m gonna talk about the importance of dotfiles and how to manage them effortlessly with version control systems. Due to whatever reasons, I changed 3 laptops in last few months and it was really hard for me to keep track of all my personal configuration files.
I believe in putting absolutely everything in version control and have introduced and enforced the same while consulting DevOps for many of our clients at The Remote Lab.
Then why not my dotfiles?
I was doing something wrong.
I wanted to fix this. Badly.
Note: If you spend any amount of time on terminal and want to automate the way you manage your various configuration settings, then this is a must have tutorial for you.
The problem is not versioning these files, but distributing across the workstations in use. Even if you make an interesting tweak in one of the git config files, it would either require you to copy that file or manually adding the same change in other locations, which is a pain.
I looked around and found that many people are using version control systems as a centralized source to backup, restore, and sync their dotfiles, just like anything else. I also found that a lot of github repositories with tons of useful dotfiles are available publicly. That is the power of sharing.
However, if you are just starting off, so much amount of information could be confusing as well. Go slow.
Many people believe that dotfiles are meant to be forked, which is really good but you should know exactly what you are using.
I’m going to explain in detail how to manage your dotfiles in an automated and effortless fashion:
- Fork a publicly available dotfiles repository
- Customize it as per use
- Install it by creating symlinks
- Sync with the latest updates
- Push back changes as well
Fork a publicly available dotfiles repository
We are going to put all your dotfiles into git, which means you’ll be able to use them on any OS X or Linux machine with Internet access. Misconfiguring your setup would not be your worst fear then and if you know basic git, you can setup a new workstation in less than 2 minutes.
I believe you already have some dotfiles in your home directory and would want to backup those before knowing and installing new dotfiles from github. Don’t worry, it will be taken care of.
The typical location for dotfiles on an OS X or Linux machine would be in a users home directory, e.g.
/home/bhalothia/.vimrc. Let’s create a dotfiles folder in the home directory itself for better organization:
Fork out a publicly available repository, like I did. Clone it.
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:bhalothia/dotfiles.git ~/dotfiles
Fine-tune your prompt, carefully plan your aliases, and write some pretty time-saving functions. Modify the forked repo and customize the dotfiles accordingly.
So, we will be putting all our dotfiles inside the
dotfiles folder and we’ll create symlinks to them from our home directory.
cd ~/dotfiles ./makesymlinks.sh
This script would backup all your old dotfiles to a backup folder and create symlinks to the
dotfiles folder. This is how it would look like if you do a
ls -alrt in your home directory
.zshrc -> /Users/bhalothia/dotfiles/zshrc .vimrc -> /Users/bhalothia/dotfiles/vimrc .vim -> /Users/bhalothia/dotfiles/vim
Syncing with latest updates
Due to improved github support for triangular workflows, it has become very easy to collaborate.
In open-source world, this is how it works:
- You fetch from a canonical “upstream” repository to keep your local repository up-to-date.
- When you want to share your own modifications with other people, you push them to your own fork and open a pull request.
- If your changes are accepted, the project maintainer merges them into the upstream repository.
Here’s how I’m syncing with my upstream repo:
- Fork the repo under my namespace
- Clone it
git clone email@example.com:bhalothia/dotfiles.git ~/dotfiles cd dotfiles git config remote.pushdefault origin git config push.default current
After this step, the remote called
origin refers to my fork of dotfiles. It also sets the default remote for pushes to be
origin and the default push behavior to
current. Together this means that if I just type
git push, the current branch is pushed to the origin
- Create a second remote called
upstreamthat points at the main
dotfilesrepository and fetch from it:
git remote add upstream firstname.lastname@example.org:michaeljsmalley/dotfiles.git git fetch upstream
dotfiles remote repositories:
Virendras-MacBook-Pro: git remote -v origin email@example.com:bhalothia/dotfiles.git (fetch) origin firstname.lastname@example.org:bhalothia/dotfiles.git (push) upstream email@example.com:michaeljsmalley/dotfiles.git (fetch) upstream firstname.lastname@example.org:michaeljsmalley/dotfiles.git (push)
Pushing back changes to upstream
- Make sure that your local repository is up-to-date with the upstream repository:
git fetch upstream
- Create a branch
new_featureoff of upstream master to work on a new feature, and check out the branch:
git checkout -b new_feature upstream/master
This automatically sets up your local
new_featurebranch to track the upstream
masterbranch. This means that if more commits are added to
masterupstream, you can merge those commits into your
new_featurebranch by typing
new_featurebranch to your fork:
git pushand create a pull request if you think the change should be pushed to the upstream repository.
Hope this helps! Keep forking.
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Credits: John Glovier for this beautiful dotfiles logo